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Michigan DUI Criminal Sentencing

Arrested for OUIL in Michigan?

Summary of Michigan OUIL/OWI/DWI/UBAL Criminal Laws

Criminal Sentencing/Administrative Consequences - Repeat Offender (OUIL/OWI/DWI,Alcohol Convictions)

OUIL/UBAC

OUID

625(1)

OWI

625(3)

OUIL/OWI

Death/Injury

625(4)&(5)

Zero

Tolerance

625(6)

Child

Endangement

625(7)

.04 CDL

625m(1)

1st Offense (no prior 625 Crime)

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc: 1 or more of following: Up to 93 days jail; $100-$500 fine; up to 45 days comm svc.

Licensing: 30/150 Susp./rest

Plate conf: None

Immob: Permissive up to 180 days [90-180 days if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny: None

Forf: None

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

1 or more of following: Up to 93 days jail; up to $300 fine; up to 45 days comm svc.

Licensing:

90 day rest

Plate conf:

None

Immob:

Permissive up to 180 days [90-180 days if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf: None

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Death - prison up to 15 years OR $2,500-$10,000 fine, or both.

Injury -prison up to 5 years OR $1,000-$5,000 fine OR both.

Emergency Responder Death-prison up to 20 years or $2,500 to $10,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

minimum 1 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required up to 180 days [90-180 days if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf: Permissive

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Up to $250 fine OR up to 45 days comm svc, or both.

Licensing:

30 day rest.

Plate conf:

None

Immob:

None [90-180 days if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

$200-$1,000 fine AND one or more of the following: 5days to 1year jail; 30-90 days comm svc.

Licensing:

90/90 susp./rest.

Plate conf:

None

Immob:

Permissive up to 180 days[90-180 days if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Up to $300 fine OR up to 93 days jail, or both.

Licensing:

CDL - 1 yr susp, OPR 90 day rest., HAZ-3yr susp.

Plate conf:

None

Immob:

Permissive up to 180 days [90-180 days if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

2nd Offense or any prior 625 or 653a(4) crime within 7years

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

$200-$1,000 fine AND one or more of the following: 5 days to 1 year jail; 30-90 days comm svc.

Licensing:

minimum 1 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 90 to 180 days unless forfeited [1-3 years if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

$200-$1,000 fine AND one or more of the following: 5 days to 1 year jail; 30-90 days comm svc.

Licensing:

minimum 1 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 90 to 180 days unless forfeited [1-3 years if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Death -prison up to 15 years OR $2,500-$10,000 fine OR both.

Injury -prison up to 5 years OR $1,000-$5,000 fine OR both.

Emergency

Responder Death -prison up to 20 years OR $2,500 to $10,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 90 to 180 days unless forfeited [1-3 years if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

One or more of the following: up to 60 days comm svc; up to 93 day jail.

Licensing:

90 day susp OR if prior §625 then minimum 1 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

None

Immob:

None [1-3 years if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

$500-$5,000 fine AND either of the following: 1-5 years prison; probation with 30 days to 1 year jail AND 60-180 days comm svc.

Licensing:

minimum 1 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 90 to 180 days unless forfeited [1-3 years if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Up to $1,000 fine OR up to 1 year prison, or both.

Licensing:

CDL-minimum 10 yr rev. OPR 1 yr rev/den.

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 90 to 180 days [1-3 years if prior 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

3rd Offense or 2 prior 625 or 653a(4) crimes within 10 years

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

$500-$5,000 fine AND either of the following: 1-5 years prison; probation with 30 days to 1 year jail AND 60-180 days comm svc.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 1 to 3 years unless forfeited [“Prior” includes 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

$500-$5,000 fine AND either of the following: 1-5 years prison; probation with 30 days to 1 year jail AND 60-180 days comm svc.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 1 to 3 years unless forfeited [“Prior” includes 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Death -prison up to 15 years OR $2,500-$10,000 fine OR both.

Injury - prison up to 5 years OR $1,000-$5,000 fine OR both.

Emergency Responder Death- prison up to 20 years OR $2,500 to $10,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 1 to 3 years unless forfeited [“Prior” includes 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

Permissive

Endangement

Zero Tolerance w/occupant

<16 Misdemanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

1st- One or more of the following: up to 60 days comm svc; up to $550 fine; up to 93 days jail.

2nd- $200-$1,000 fine AND one or more of the following: 5 days to 1 year jail; 30-90 days comm svc.

Licensing: 1st-90/90 susp./rest. 2nd-revoke

Plate Conf: See 1st, 2nd offense.

Immob: See 1st & 2nd

Reg Deny:

None

Forf: Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

$500-$5,000 fine and either of the following: prison from 1-5 years; probation with 30 days to 1 year jail AND 60-180 days comm svc.

Licensing:

CDL-rev for LIFE-if prior approval, OPR-minimum 5 yr den/rev

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required 1 to 3 years [“Prior”“ includes 653a(3)]

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

None

Criminal Sentencing/Administrative Consequences - Repeat Offender (Driving While Suspended Convictions)

DWLS

904(1)

Knowing Allowed Someone to DWLS §904(2)

DWLS Causing Death §904(4)

DWLS Causing Serious Injury §904(5)

Knowingly Allowed Someone to DWLS Causing Death §904(7)

Knowingly Allowed Someone to DWLS Causing Serious Injury §904(7)

1st Offense (no *priors)

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Up to 93 days jail; up to $500 fine, or both.

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904(10), (11) and (12)

Plate conf:

None. (Cancel upon notice by officer)

Immob:

None

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Up to 93 days jail; up to $500 fine, or both.

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904(10), (11) and (12)

Plate conf:

None. (Cancel upon notice by officer)

Immob:

None

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Prison up to 15 years; $2,500-$10,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

minimum 1 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required up to 180 days, unless forfeited.

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Prison up to 5 years; $1,000-$5,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

minimum 1 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required up to 180 days, unless forfeited.

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Prison up to 5 years; $1,000-$5,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

None

Plate conf:

None

Immob:

None

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Prison up to 2 years; $1,000-$5,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

None

Plate conf:

None

Immob:

None

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

2nd Offense or 1 *prior 904 susp within 7 years

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Up to 1 year jail; up to $1,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904(10), (11) and (12)

Plate conf:

None (Cancel upon notice by officer)

Immob:

Permissive

up to 180 days

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

to 1 year jail; up to $1,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

Mandatory

additional under §904(10), (11) and (12)

Plate conf:

None. (Cancel upon notice by officer)

Immob:

Permissive up to 180 days

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Prison up to 15 years; $2,500-$10,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required up to 180 days, unless forfeited.

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Prison up to 5 years; $1,000-$5,000 fine, or both.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

Required up to 180 days unless forfeited.

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Same as 1st offense.

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Same as 1st offense.

3rd Offense or 2 *prior 904 susp within 7 years

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-same.

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904(10), (11) and (12)

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

90 to 180 days

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-same

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904(10),

(11) and (12)

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

90 to 180 days

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

None

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal - same.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

90 to 180 days, unless forfeited.

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-same.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

90 to 180 days, unless forfeited.

Reg Deny:

None

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Same as 1st offense

Felony

Same as 1st

offense

4th Offense or 3 *prior 904 susp within 7 years

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-Same.

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904 (10),(11) and (12)

Plate conf:

IRequired

Immob:

90 to 180 days

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

None

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-Same.

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904 (10),(11) and (12)

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

90 to 180 days

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

None

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-Same.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

90 to 180 days, unless forfeited.

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-Same.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

90 to 180 days, unless forfeited

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

Permissive

5th Offense or 4 *prior 904 susp within 7 years

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-Same.

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904 (10),(11) and (12)

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

1-3 years

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

None

Misdemeanor

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-Same.

Licensing:

Mandatory additional under §904 (10),(11) and (12)

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

1-3 years

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

None

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-Same.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

1-3 years

unless forfeited.

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Fine/Jail/

Comm Svc:

Criminal-Same.

Licensing:

minimum 5 year revocation/

denial

Plate conf:

Required

Immob:

1-3 years, unless forfeited

Reg Deny:

Required

Forf:

Permissive

Felony

Same as 1st

offense.

Felony

Same as 1st offense.

*For purpose of immobilization, priors are defined as prior mandatory additional suspensions/revocations imposed pursuant to §904 (10), (11) or (12); not prior convictions of DWLS.

Substance Abuse Offenses

License Actions Imposed By Secretary of State

Offense Code

Offense MCL 257.319

Repeat Offender Licensing Actions

1200

OWI §625(3)

(1)     90 rest

(2)     denial/revocation

(3)     denial/revocation

1220

OWID §625(3)

(1)     180 rest

1000

1010

1100

1110/1020

OUIL §625(1)

UBAC §625(1)

OUID §625(1)

Combined OUIL/UBAC/OUID

(1)     30 susp/150 rest

(2)     denial/revocation

1030

(1120)

1035

OUIL.OWI-Death §625(4)

(OUID/OWID)

OUIL/OWI-Death of Emergency

Responder §625(4)

denial/revocation

1040

(1130)

OUIL/OWI-Injury §625(5)

(OUID/OWID)

denial/revocation

1150

Child Endangerment

(1)     90 susp/90 rest

(2)     denial/revocation

Commercial Driver License Offenses

1230

CDL - .04 BAC - Commerical License

(1) 1 yr susp

Hazardous Endorsement

3 yr susp

(2) revocation for 10 yrs

1230

CDL - .04 BAC operator’s license

(1) 90 rest

(2) denial/Revocation

Juvenile Offenses

1300

1306

Open Intoxicants §624a

(1) None

(2) 30 susp/60 rest

(3) 60 susp/305 rest

1307

1308

Transport/Possess §624b

(1) None

(2) 30 susp/60 rest

(3) 60 susp/305 rest

1330

Fraudulent ID Purchase MCL436.33b(2)

90 susp

1240

Under 21 BAC §625(6)

Zero Tolerance

(1) 30 rest

(2) 90 susp

1360

MIP MCL436.33b(1)

(1) None

(2) 30 susp/60 rest

(3) 60 susp/305 rest

1510

Joyriding MCL750.414

(1) 90 susp

(2) 1 yrs susp

Felony Offenses

1500

UDAA MCL 750.413

(1)     1 yr susp

(2)     denial/revocation

1706, 1707

Fleeing & Eluding MCL 750.179a - 1st and 2nd degree

denial/revocation

1708,1709

Fleeing & Eluding §602a -3rd and 4th degree

1 yr susp

1450

Felonious Driving MCL750.191

(1)     1 yr susp

(2)     denial/revocation

1430

Felony Auto Used

(1)   1 yr susp

(2)   denial/revocation

1807

Failure to Yield to Emergency Responder Causing Injury §653a(3)

90 susp

1808

Failure to Yield to Emergency Responder Causing Death §653a(4)

denial/revocation

1400

Manslaughter MCL750.321/91

denial/revocation

1410

Negligent Homicide MCL750.324

denial/revocation

1420

Murder MCL750.391

denial/revocation

Other Offenses

1610

Leaving Scene of Accident Misdemeanor §617a

90 susp

1840

Theft of Vehicle Fuel MCL750.367c

(1) 90 susp

3250

Unlawful Use of License §324

(1) 90 susp

(2) 1 yr susp

1800

Reckless §626

(1) 90 susp

(2) denial/revocation

3600

Alter/Forge Documents §257

1 yr susp

3630

Fraudulent Change of Address §319

(1) 180 susp

(2) denial/revocation

3320

Perjury to SOS §903 (False Certification)

(1) 90 susp

(2) 1 yr susp

1825

Malicious Destruction

MCL750.382(1)(b)(c)(d)

30 susp for damage <200

1830

Malicious Destruction MCL750.382

90 susp for damage >200

9200

Drug Crime §319c

(1) court ordered-30 susp/ 150 rest

(2) court ordered- 60 susp/ 305 rest

LEGEND:

257.625(1)=OUIL/UBAC/OUID (Drugs)

257.625a=Blood/Chemical Test-PBT

257.625(2)=Knowningly Allowing Another to OUIL

257.625b=Licensing Actions for Ct

257.625(3)=OWI

257.625c=IC

257.625(4)=OUIL/OWI/Death-15yr felony

257.625d=Report

257.625(5)=OUIL/OWI/Serious Injury=5yr felony

257.625e=Notice Procedure

257.625(6)=Zero Tolerance

257.625f=IC Hearing Authority

257.625(7)=Child Endangerment

257.625g=Permit

257.904(1)=Operator/Chauffeur DWLS

257.625h=Prevention/Equip Funds

257.904(2)=Knowingly Allow DWLS

257.625i=Audit

257.904(3)=DWLS(1)(2)Penalties

257.625j=Repealed

257.904(4)=DWLS causing Death

257.625k=Ignition Interlocks

257.904(5)=DWLS causing Serious Injury

257.625l=Ignition Interlocks

257.904(6)=DWLS/Death/or Serious Injury

257.625m=CDL-.04 BAC for CMV

257.904(7)=Knowingly Allowing DWLS/Death

257.625n=Forfeiture

257.904(8)=Prosecution list prior convictions

257.904(9)=Requirements to establish a prior

257.904(10)=Mandatory like additionals

257.904(11)=Mandatory 30 day suspensions

257.904c=Plate Confiscation

257.904(12)=Mandatory CDL additionals

257.904d=Immobilization Penalties

257.904(13)=Same incident language

257.904e=Immobilization: Manner

257.904(14)=Police provide Ct w/driving record

257.904f=Immobilization/Plate on LEIN

257.904(15)=Protecting human life exception

257.904(16)=CDL Driving Suspended/Revoked

257.904(17)=SECOND 904 SUSPENSION REQUIRES IMOBILIZATION

257.904(18)=Single Free FAC/FCJ Violation Exception

257.904(19)=Definition of never applied.

Immobilization Chart MCL 257.904d & 904e

Alcohol*

1st

2nd

within 7 years

3rd or more

within 10 years

OUIL/UBAC/OUID

OWI

Child Endangerment

OUIL/UBAC/OWI/

Death

OUIL/UBAC/OWI/

Injury

Up to 180 days

90-180 days

1-3 years

Person Under 21 with BAC

None

None

None

Failure to Yield/ Injury/Emergency Responder

None

None

None

*Priors include: Murder or Manslaughter with vehicle, 625m, Neg Hom & all those listed above. MCL 257.904d(8).

-OUIL  Operated Under Influence Liquor

-OUID Operated Under Influence Drugs

-UBAC Unlawful Blood Alcohol Content

-UBAL Unlawful Blood Alcohol Level

-OWI   Operating While Impaired

Driving While License Suspended/Revoked/Denied**

1 prior

904 additional

2 prior

904 additionals

within 7 years

3 prior

904 additionals

within 7 years

4 prior

904 additionals

within 7 years

5 or more

prior

904additionals

within 7 years

Any Conviction/ civil infraction during a suspension/ revocation

None

Up to 180 days

90-180 days

90-180 days

1-3 years

DWLS/R/ Death or Injury

Up to 180 days

Up to 180 days

90-180 days

90-180 days

1-3 years

 

**Prior additionals are defined as additional mandatory suspensions imposed pursuant to MCL257.904(10)(11)(12) or former MCL257.904(2) or (4) for driving during a period suspension or -DWLS/R Drove While License Suspended/Revoked

 

General Requirements:

Defendant must provide VIN# and plate# to court

Immobilization starts afer imprisonment

Immobilization applies if defendant is owner, co-owner, lessee or co-lessee

If defendant is not the owner, immobilization applies if owner knowingly permitted defendant to operate vehicle

Does not apply to vehicle registered in another state

Immobilization is defined in MCL257.904e

 

Prepared by Michigan Dept of State/Driver License Appeal Division 1/1/2001.  Compiled by Michael B. Rizik Jr, Personal Injury Attorney , 8226 South Saginaw Street, Ste A. Grand Blanc, MI 48439